|ACARYA or ACHARYA||Spiritual teacher qualified to give initiation and teach all lessons of meditation.|
|AHAMTATTVA||Doer "I", ego.|
|ATMA, ATMAN||Soul, consciousness, PURUSHA, pure cognition. The atman of the Cosmos is PARAMATMAN, and that of the individualized unit is the JIVATMAN.|
|AVADHUTA, AVADHUTIKA||Literally, "one who is thoroughly cleansed mentally and spiritually"; a monk or nun of an order close to the tradition of Shiva Tantra.|
|BHAKTI YOGA||Devotional form of spiritual practice.|
|BHAVA||Idea, ideation, mental flow.|
|BRAHMA||The Creative aspect of the trinity Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva.
|BRAHMAN||The Supreme Unmanifest (c.f.ISHVARA)|
|BRAHMIN||The priestly caste of the Indian social system.|
|CHAKRA, CAKRA||Cycle or circle; psychic-energy or psycho-spiritual centre; psychic-nerve plexus.|
|CITTA||Done "I", objective "I", objective mind, mind-stuff.|
|DHARMA||Characteristic property; spirituality; the path of righteousness in social affairs.|
|DHIIRA||A person with discriminating faculty.|
|DHRUVASATTA||Unchangeable Entity, BRAHMAN.|
|DHYANA||Meditation in which the psyche is directed towards Consciousness; seventh limb of astamga (eight-limbed) yoga.
|GUNAS||The essential principles giving rise to PRAKRTI - matter, form or substance (see TAMAS, RAJAS and SATTVA).
|ISHVARA||The Supreme Entity as God in manifestation.|
|INDRIYA||One of the ten sensory and motor organs (eyes, ears, nose, tongue and skin; and hands, feet, vocal cord, genital organ and excretory organ). The eye indriya (for example) comprises the eye itself, the optical nerve, the fluid in the nerve, and the location in the brain at which the visual stimulus is transmitted to the CITTA.|
|JAPA||Repetition of mantra.|
|JNANA, JINANA||Knowledge; understanding.|
|JNANA YOGA||A form of spiritual practice which emphasizes discrimination or intellectual understanding.
|KAMA||Desire or emotion. Not to be confused with karma, a misspelling of KRMA. (See MANAS, STHULA)
|KAMA SHARIRA||The emotional or 'astral' body.
|KRMA, KURMA||The Law of Action and Reaction. Usually spelt KARMA, but because this is an incorrect pronunciation and likely to cause confusion with KAMA, the spelling is best avoided.
|KRMA YOGA||A form of spiritual practice which emphasizes selfless action.|
|MAHAPRAKRTI||The ultimate form or substance of creation (see PARAMA PRAKRTI).
|MAHAPRALAYA||A vast period of quiessence between Universes.
|MAHAPURUSHA||The ultimate form or substance of creation (see PARAMA PRAKRTI).|
|MAHATTATTVA|| "I" ("I am," "I exist") feeling, existential "I".|
|MANAS||Mind, intellect; the mental body or Manas Sharira.|
|MANTRA||A sound or collection of sounds which, when meditated upon, will lead to spiritual liberation.|
|MAYA||Creative Principle, PRAKRTI in Her phase of creation. Also, the power of the Creative Principle to cause the illusion that the finite created objects are the ultimate truth.|
|MOKSHA||Spiritual emancipation, non-qualified liberation.|
|NIITI||Principles leading to one's spiritual welfare.|
|PARAMA PRAKRTI||Supreme substance, matter or form.
|PARAMA PURUSHA||Supreme spirit, consciousness or energy.|
|PARAMATMAN||Supreme Consciousness in the role of witness of His own macropsychic conation. Paramatman comprises: (1) Purushottama, the Macrocosmic Nucleus; (2) Purushottama's association with all creation in His extroversial movement (prota yoga); and (3) Purushottama's association with each unit creation individually (ota yoga) and (4) with all collectively (prota yoga) in His introversial movement.
|PRAKRTI||Matter, substance, form (c.f. PURUSHA).
|PRALAYA||A period of non-manifestation between periods of manifestation. (See MAHA PRALAYA)|
|PRANAYAMA||Process of controlling vital energy by controlling the breath.|
|PURUSHA||Spirit, consciousness, energy (c.f. PRAKRITI). |
|QUINQUELEMENTAL||Composed of the ethereal, aerial, luminous, liquid and solid factors, or elements.
|RAJAS||The GUNA of movement, energy, centrifugal motion and desire.|
|RSHI, RISHI||Sage; one who, by inventing new things, broadens the path of progress of human society.|
|SADHANA||Literally, "sustained effort"; spiritual practice; meditation.|
|SAMADHI||"Absorption" of the unit mind into the Cosmic Mind (savikalpa samadhi) or into the ATMAN (nirvikalpa samadhi).|
|SAMSARA||The world as a dimension of relentless, unceasing movement.|
|SAMSKARA||Mental reactive momentum, potential mental reaction.
|SATTVA||The GUNA of harmony, integration, cyclic motion and intellect.|
|SHARIRA||Body, vehicle, organism, as in Kama Sharira, the emotional or 'astral' body.|
|SHLOKA or SLOKA||A Sanskrit couplet expressing one idea.|
|STHULA||Physical sensation, as in Sthula Sharira, the physical body.|
|SUBHASHITA SAMGRAHA||Collected Discourses.|
|SVABHAVA||Characteristics, one's own nature.
|TAMAS||The GUNA of inertia, mass, centripetal motion and ignorance.|
|TANMATRA||Literally, "minutest fraction of that", i.e., of a given rudimental factor of matter. Also translated "generic essence" or "inferential wave". The various types of tanmatras convey the senses of hearing, touch, form (vision), taste and smell.|
|YAMA AND NIYAMA||Moral code.|
|YOGA||Spiritual practice leading to unification of the unit ATMAN with PARAMATMAN.|