Appendix G

Sanskrit Glossary

ACARYA or ACHARYASpiritual teacher qualified to give initiation and teach all lessons of meditation.
ADHRUVAChanging, transitory.
AGRYABUDDHIPointed intellect.
AHAMTATTVADoer "I", ego.
ANANDADivine bliss.
ATMA, ATMANSoul, consciousness, PURUSHA, pure cognition. The atman of the Cosmos is PARAMATMAN, and that of the individualized unit is the JIVATMAN.
AVADHUTA, AVADHUTIKALiterally, "one who is thoroughly cleansed mentally and spiritually"; a monk or nun of an order close to the tradition of Shiva Tantra.
BHAJANDevotional song.
BHAKTI YOGADevotional form of spiritual practice.
BHAVAIdea, ideation, mental flow.
BRAHMAThe Creative aspect of the trinity Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva.
BRAHMANThe Supreme Unmanifest (c.f.ISHVARA)
BRAHMINThe priestly caste of the Indian social system.
CHAKRA, CAKRACycle or circle; psychic-energy or psycho-spiritual centre; psychic-nerve plexus.
CITTADone "I", objective "I", objective mind, mind-stuff.
DHARMACharacteristic property; spirituality; the path of righteousness in social affairs.
DHIIRAA person with discriminating faculty.
DHRUVASATTAUnchangeable Entity, BRAHMAN.
DHYANAMeditation in which the psyche is directed towards Consciousness; seventh limb of astamga (eight-limbed) yoga.
GUNASThe essential principles giving rise to PRAKRTI - matter, form or substance (see TAMAS, RAJAS and SATTVA).
ISHVARAThe Supreme Entity as God in manifestation.
INDRIYAOne of the ten sensory and motor organs (eyes, ears, nose, tongue and skin; and hands, feet, vocal cord, genital organ and excretory organ). The eye indriya (for example) comprises the eye itself, the optical nerve, the fluid in the nerve, and the location in the brain at which the visual stimulus is transmitted to the CITTA.
JAPARepetition of mantra.
JNANA, JINANAKnowledge; understanding.
JNANA YOGAA form of spiritual practice which emphasizes discrimination or intellectual understanding.
KAMADesire or emotion. Not to be confused with karma, a misspelling of KRMA. (See MANAS, STHULA)
KAMA SHARIRAThe emotional or 'astral' body.
KRMA, KURMAThe Law of Action and Reaction. Usually spelt KARMA, but because this is an incorrect pronunciation and likely to cause confusion with KAMA, the spelling is best avoided.
KRMA YOGAA form of spiritual practice which emphasizes selfless action.
LIILADivine sport.
MAHAPRAKRTIThe ultimate form or substance of creation (see PARAMA PRAKRTI).
MAHAPRALAYAA vast period of quiessence between Universes.
MAHAPURUSHAThe ultimate form or substance of creation (see PARAMA PRAKRTI).
MAHATTATTVA "I" ("I am," "I exist") feeling, existential "I".
MANASMind, intellect; the mental body or Manas Sharira.
MANTRAA sound or collection of sounds which, when meditated upon, will lead to spiritual liberation.
MAYACreative Principle, PRAKRTI in Her phase of creation. Also, the power of the Creative Principle to cause the illusion that the finite created objects are the ultimate truth.
MOKSHASpiritual emancipation, non-qualified liberation.
MUKTISpiritual liberation.
NIITIPrinciples leading to one's spiritual welfare.
PARAMA PRAKRTISupreme substance, matter or form.
PARAMA PURUSHASupreme spirit, consciousness or energy.
PARAMATMANSupreme Consciousness in the role of witness of His own macropsychic conation. Paramatman comprises: (1) Purushottama, the Macrocosmic Nucleus; (2) Purushottama's association with all creation in His extroversial movement (prota yoga); and (3) Purushottama's association with each unit creation individually (ota yoga) and (4) with all collectively (prota yoga) in His introversial movement.
PRAKRTIMatter, substance, form (c.f. PURUSHA).
PRALAYAA period of non-manifestation between periods of manifestation. (See MAHA PRALAYA)
PRANAYAMAProcess of controlling vital energy by controlling the breath.
PURUSHASpirit, consciousness, energy (c.f. PRAKRITI).
QUINQUELEMENTALComposed of the ethereal, aerial, luminous, liquid and solid factors, or elements.
RAJASThe GUNA of movement, energy, centrifugal motion and desire.
RASACosmic flow.
RSHI, RISHISage; one who, by inventing new things, broadens the path of progress of human society.
SADHAKASpiritual practitioner.
SADHANALiterally, "sustained effort"; spiritual practice; meditation.
SAMADHI"Absorption" of the unit mind into the Cosmic Mind (savikalpa samadhi) or into the ATMAN (nirvikalpa samadhi).
SAMSARAThe world as a dimension of relentless, unceasing movement.
SAMSKARAMental reactive momentum, potential mental reaction.
SATTVAThe GUNA of harmony, integration, cyclic motion and intellect.
SHARIRABody, vehicle, organism, as in Kama Sharira, the emotional or 'astral' body.
SHLOKA or SLOKAA Sanskrit couplet expressing one idea.
STHULAPhysical sensation, as in Sthula Sharira, the physical body.
SUBHASHITA SAMGRAHACollected Discourses.
SVABHAVACharacteristics, one's own nature.
TAMASThe GUNA of inertia, mass, centripetal motion and ignorance.
TANMATRALiterally, "minutest fraction of that", i.e., of a given rudimental factor of matter. Also translated "generic essence" or "inferential wave". The various types of tanmatras convey the senses of hearing, touch, form (vision), taste and smell.
YOGASpiritual practice leading to unification of the unit ATMAN with PARAMATMAN.